Discover effective hair loss treatments often referred to as “The Big 3” which includes minoxidil, finasteride, and ketoconazole. 

We’ll look at each of these treatments in detail, as well as their potential benefits and drawbacks in terms of promoting hair growth and improving scalp health. Keep reading to find out more about how these treatments can help you achieve thicker, healthier hair. 

Before trying, it’s better to educate yourself about the following hair loss treatments

hair loss
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1. Minoxidil 

Minoxidil (Rogaine) is widely regarded as one of the most effective non-prescription hair loss treatments. According to numerous studies, it is a topical over-the-counter (OTC) product that has been shown to improve hair growth in up to 70% of users. Minoxidil (Rogaine) has become a popular choice for people suffering from hereditary hair loss due to its ease of use, low cost, and proven efficacy.


  • Availability over-the-counter (OTC) without a prescription, making it easily accessible
  • Comes in different strengths (2% and 5%) and formulations (foam, topical solution, spray), providing options for user preference
  • Affordable, with generic versions also available, offering cost-effective choices
  • Requires only twice-daily application, making it convenient for regular use
  • Most side effects occur only where the medication is applied, minimizing potential systemic effects
  • Foam is unscented, avoiding any unwanted odor on the hair


  • Potential changes in hair color or texture, which may not be desirable for all users
  • Common temporary hair loss during the first two weeks of use, which may cause initial concern
  • Not effective for hair loss caused by medications, nutritional problems, or medical conditions, limiting its effectiveness in certain cases
  • Regular and consistent use is necessary to maintain results, as hair loss may resume after discontinuation

Before beginning any OTC treatment, including minoxidil (Rogaine), it is critical to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure its safety and suitability for individual use. Regular and consistent use, as well as careful adherence to instructions, is essential for the best results, and potential side effects should be monitored. Despite its limitations, minoxidil (Rogaine) can be an effective hair loss treatment for many people suffering from hereditary hair loss.

See also: Achieve A Prostate-Friendly Diet: 8 Superfoods To Eat

2. Finasteride

hair loss treatment
Photo by: Prasad Cosmetic Surgery

Finasteride is a medication that is commonly used to treat the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and male pattern hair loss, also known as androgenetic alopecia. However, just to clarify its function in the case of hair loss treatment: finasteride can increase the number of scalp hairs but has no effect on body hair.


  • Effective management of male pattern baldness, with up to 90% of men potentially benefiting from the appearance of scalp hair
  • Easy to take with a prescription, making it accessible for those prescribed by a healthcare professional
  • Supported by extensive research into its effectiveness, providing substantial evidence of its benefits


  • Reported side effects, including sexual dysfunction which may be persistent even after discontinuing the medication, requiring careful consideration before use
  • Not recommended for individuals with previous heart conditions, as it may pose potential risks

Before beginning finasteride or any other medication, it is critical to consult with a healthcare professional, especially given the potential side effects. While finasteride can be an effective hair loss treatment for male pattern hair baldness, the reported side effects and contraindications should be carefully considered in relation to the potential benefits.

3. Ketoconazole

Ketoconazole is an antifungal medication used topically to treat skin infections such as ringworm, jock itch, and athlete’s foot. Aside from its antifungal properties, some research suggests that ketoconazole may aid in the treatment of male pattern baldness by influencing DHT, the hormone responsible for hair loss in men. Ketoconazole is frequently found in medicated shampoos used to treat fungal scalp infections and dandruff, with Nizoral® being a well-known brand.


  • Some research suggests that ketoconazole serves as an effective hair loss treatment for cases caused by male pattern baldness by affecting DHT, which can contribute to hair retention and growth.
  • Ketoconazole can be used as an alternative to other hair loss treatments such as minoxidil and finasteride. 
  • Ketoconazole can also help improve scalp health by unclogging hair follicles and fighting seborrheic dermatitis, a common skin condition that affects the scalp.


  • While some studies suggest that ketoconazole as an effective hair loss treatment, the evidence is limited and more research is needed to fully understand its effectiveness.
  • Ketoconazole is not a miracle cure for hair loss and may not work for everyone. 
  • As with any medication, ketoconazole may cause side effects such as skin irritation, dryness, or redness. If you experience any adverse effects, it’s important to discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional.
  • While some forms of ketoconazole are available over-the-counter in medicated shampoos, others require a prescription, which may be an inconvenience for some users.

See also: Men’s Skincare 101: A Step-By-Step Guide To Glowing Skin

Consult with your healthcare provider, weigh the pros and cons, and take steps towards regaining confidence and enjoying the benefits of luscious locks.